Harm in therapy can vary, but some potential harms include misdiagnosis, inappropriate treatment, breaches of confidentiality, or even retraumatization. To avoid harm in therapy, it’s crucial for therapists to maintain ethical standards, regularly engage in supervision, practice ongoing self-reflection, have clear boundaries, seek informed consent from clients, and ensure they are using evidence-based practices. Clients can also advocate for themselves by asking questions, speaking up about any discomfort or concerns, and seeking a second opinion if needed. A positive therapeutic relationship built on trust, respect, and clear communication is key to minimizing the risk of harm in therapy.